Select Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Induce Resistance to Carboplatin in Ovarian Cancer Cell Lines Public Deposited

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  • Rickard, Brittany P.
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Curriculum in Toxicology
  • Tan, Xianming
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Biostatistics
  • Fenton, Suzanne E.
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Curriculum in Toxicology
  • Rizvi, Imran
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Curriculum in Toxicology
Abstract
  • Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants associated with adverse reproductive outcomes including reproductive cancers in women. PFAS can alter normal ovarian function, but the effects of PFAS on ovarian cancer progression and therapy response remain understudied. Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy, and a major barrier to effective treatment is resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy. Platinum resistance may arise from exposure to external stimuli such as environmental contaminants. This study evaluated PFAS and PFAS mixture exposures to two human ovarian cancer cell lines to evaluate the ability of PFAS exposure to affect survival fraction following treatment with carboplatin. This is the first study to demonstrate that, at sub-cytotoxic concentrations, select PFAS and PFAS mixtures increased survival fraction in ovarian cancer cells following carboplatin treatment, indicative of platinum resistance. A concomitant increase in mitochondrial membrane potential, measured by the JC-1 fluorescent probe, was observed in PFAS-exposed and PFAS + carboplatin-treated cells, suggesting a potential role for altered mitochondrial function that requires further investigation.
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  • Article
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  • In Copyright
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  • Attribution 4.0 International
Journal title
  • International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Journal volume
  • 23
Journal issue
  • 9
Page start
  • 5176
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  • English
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  • 1422-0067
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