Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
When scores are used to make decisions about respondents, it is of interest to estimate classification accuracy (CA), the probability of making a correct decision, and classification consistency (CC), the probability of making the same decision across two parallel administrations of the measure. Model-based estimates of CA and CC computed from the linear factor model have been recently proposed, but parameter uncertainty of the CA and CC indices has not been investigated. This article demonstrates how to estimate percentile bootstrap confidence intervals and Bayesian credible intervals for CA and CC indices, which have the added benefit of incorporating the sampling variability of the parameters of the linear factor model to summary intervals. Results from a small simulation study suggest that percentile bootstrap confidence intervals have appropriate confidence interval coverage, although displaying a small negative bias. However, Bayesian credible intervals with diffused priors have poor interval coverage, but their coverage improves once empirical, weakly informative priors are used. The procedures are illustrated by estimating CA and CC indices from a measure used to identify individuals low on mindfulness for a hypothetical intervention, and R code is provided to facilitate the implementation of the procedures.