Condom use peer norms and self-efficacy as mediators between community engagement and condom use among Chinese men who have sex with men Public Deposited

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  • Durvasula, Maya
    • Other Affiliation: Department of Economics, Duke University, Durham, USA
  • Tucker, Joseph
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Institute for Global Health and Infectious Disease
    • Other Affiliation: UNC Project-China, Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA; SESH Global, Guangzhou, China
  • Li, Haochu
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Institute for Global Health and Infectious Disease
    • Other Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China; UNC Project-China, Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA; SESH Global, Guangzhou, China
  • Kang, Dianming
    • Other Affiliation: Shandong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, China
  • Hu, Wenqi
    • Other Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China
  • Ma, Wei
    • Other Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China
  • Wei, Chongyi
    • Other Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
  • Liao, Meizhen
    • Other Affiliation: Shandong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, China
  • Tang, Weiming
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Institute for Global Health and Infectious Disease
    • Other Affiliation: UNC Project-China, Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA; SESH Global, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Provincial Center for Skin Diseases and STI Control, Guangzhou, China
  • Xue, Li
    • Other Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China
Abstract
  • Abstract Background Community engagement strategies are often integrated in public health interventions designed to promote condom use among men who have sex with men (MSM), a key population for HIV prevention. However, the ways in which condom use peer norms and self-efficacy play a role in the association between community engagement and condom use is unclear. This study examines the potential mediating roles of peer norms and self-efficacy in this association. Methods A nationwide cross-sectional online survey was conducted among Chinese MSM in 2015. Recruitment criteria included being born biologically male, being older than 16 years, having had anal sex with a man at least once during their lifetime, and having had condomless anal or vaginal sex in the past three months. Mplus 6.11 was used to conduct confirmatory factor analysis and path modeling analysis to examine the structural relationships between HIV/sexual health community engagement (e.g., joining social media and community events related to HIV and sexual health services), condom use peer norms, condom use self-efficacy, and frequency of condom use. Results The study found that HIV/sexual health community engagement, condom use peer norms, condom use self-efficacy, and frequency of condom use were mutually correlated. A good data model was achieved with fit index: CFI = 0.988, TLI = 0.987, RMSEA = 0.032, 90% CI (0.028, 0.036). HIV/sexual health community engagement was associated with frequency of condom use, which was directly mediated by condom use peer norms and indirectly through self-efficacy. Conclusion The study suggests that condom use peer norms and self-efficacy may be mediators in the pathway between community engagement and condom use, and suggests the importance of peer-based interventions to improve condom use.
Date of publication
Identifier
  • doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4662-4
Resource type
  • Article
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Rights holder
  • The Author(s).
Language
  • English
Bibliographic citation
  • BMC Public Health. 2017 Aug 07;17(1):641
Publisher
  • BioMed Central
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