Antismoking messages and current cigarette smoking status in Somaliland: results from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2004 Public Deposited

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  • Muula, Adamson S
    • Other Affiliation: Department of Community Health, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
  • Siziya, Seter
    • Other Affiliation: Department of Community Medicine, University of Zambia, School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia
  • Rudatsikira, Emmanuel
    • Other Affiliation: Departments of Global Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, California, USA
  • Abstract Background Tobacco is a leading cause of death globally. There are limited reports on current cigarette smoking prevalence and its associated-antismoking messages among adolescents in conflict zones of the world. We, therefore, conducted secondary analysis of data to estimate the prevalence of current cigarette smoking, and to determine associations of antismoking messages with smoking status. Methods We used data from the Somaliland Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) of 2004 to estimate the prevalence of smoking. We also assessed whether being exposed to anti-smoking media, education and having discussed with family members on the harmful effects of smoking were associated with smoking. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess these associations. Current smoking was defined as having reported smoking cigarettes, even a single puff, in the last 30 days preceding the survey (main outcome). Results Altogether 1563 adolescents participated in the survey. However, 1122 had data on the main outcome. Altogether, 15.8% of the respondents reported having smoked cigarettes (10.3% among males, and 11.1% among females). Factors that were associated with reported non-smoking were: discussing harmful effects of smoking cigarettes with their family members (OR = 0.61, 95% CI 0.52, 0.71); being taught that smoking makes teeth yellow, causes wrinkles and smokers smell badly (OR = 0.62, 95% CI 0.52, 0.74); being taught that people of the respondent's age do not smoke (OR = 0.81, 95% CI 0.69, 0.95); and having reported that religious organizations discouraged young people smoking (OR = 0.70, 95% CI 0.60, 0.82). However, exposure to a lot many antismoking messages at social gatherings was associated with smoking. Exposure to antismoking print media was not associated with smoking status. Conclusion A combination of school and home based antismoking interventions may be effective in controlling adolescent smoking in Somaliland.
Date of publication
  • 18500994
  • doi:10.1186/1752-1505-2-6
Resource type
  • Article
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Rights holder
  • Seter Siziya et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Journal title
  • Conflict and Health
Journal volume
  • 2
Journal issue
  • 1
Page start
  • 6
  • English
Is the article or chapter peer-reviewed?
  • Yes
  • 1752-1505
Bibliographic citation
  • Conflict and Health. 2008 May 23;2(1):6
  • Open Access
  • BioMed Central Ltd

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