Efficacy and clinical effectiveness of influenza vaccines in HIV-infected individuals: a meta-analysis Public Deposited

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Creator
  • Atashili, Julius
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology
    • Other Affiliation: Center for the Study and Control of Communicable Diseases (CSCCD), Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, BP 8445 Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • Adimora, Adaora
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine
  • Kalilani, Linda
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology
Abstract
  • Abstract Background Though influenza vaccines are the cornerstone of medical interventions aimed at protecting individuals against epidemic influenza, their effectiveness in HIV infected individuals is not certain. With the recent detection of influenza strains in countries with high HIV prevalence rates, we aimed at evaluating the current evidence on the efficacy and clinical effectiveness of influenza vaccines in HIV-infected individuals. Methods We used electronic databases to identify studies assessing efficacy or effectiveness of influenza vaccines in HIV patients. We included studies that compared the incidence of culture- or serologically-confirmed influenza or clinical influenza-like illness in vaccinated to unvaccinated HIV infected individuals. Characteristics of study participants were independently abstracted and the risk difference (RD), the number needed to vaccinate to prevent one case of influenza (NNV) and the vaccine effectiveness (VE) computed. Results We identified six studies that assessed the incidence of influenza in vaccinated HIV-infected subjects. Four of these studies compared the incidence in vaccinated versus unvaccinated subjects. These involved a total of 646 HIV-infected subjects. In all the 4 studies, the incidence of influenza was lower in the vaccinated compared to unvaccinated subjects with RD ranging from -0.48 (95% CI: -0.63, -0.34) to -0.15 (95% CI: -0.25, 0.05); between 3 and 7 people would need to be vaccinated to prevent one case of influenza. Vaccine effectiveness ranged from 27% to 78%. A random effects model was used to obtain a summary RD of -0.27 (95%CI: -0.42, -0.11). There was no evidence of publication bias. Conclusion Current evidence, though limited, suggests that influenza vaccines are moderately effective in reducing the incidence of influenza in HIV-infected individuals. With the threat of a global influenza pandemic, there is an urgent need to evaluate the effectiveness of influenza vaccines in trials with a larger number of representative HIV-infected persons.
Date of publication
Identifier
  • doi:10.1186/1471-2334-6-138
  • 16965629
Resource type
  • Article
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Rights holder
  • Julius Atashili et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
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Journal title
  • BMC Infectious Diseases
Journal volume
  • 6
Journal issue
  • 1
Page start
  • 138
Language
  • English
Is the article or chapter peer-reviewed?
  • Yes
ISSN
  • 1471-2334
Bibliographic citation
  • BMC Infectious Diseases. 2006 Sep 11;6(1):138
Access
  • Open Access
Publisher
  • BioMed Central Ltd
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