Enhanced histamine-induced itch in diacylglycerol kinase iota knockout mice Public Deposited

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  • Bartsch, V.B.
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Cell Biology and Physiology
  • Niehaus, J.K.
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Neuroscience Center
  • Taylor-Blake, B.
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Cell Biology and Physiology
  • Zylka, M.J.
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Cell Biology and Physiology
Abstract
  • Subsets of small-diameter dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons detect pruritogenic (itch-causing) and algogenic (pain-causing) stimuli and can be activated or sensitized by chemical mediators. Many of these chemical mediators activate receptors that are coupled to lipid hydrolysis and diacylglycerol (DAG) production. Diacylglycerol kinase iota (DGKI) can phos-phorylate DAG and is expressed at high levels in small-diameter mouse DRG neurons. Given the importance of these neurons in sensing pruritogenic and algogenic chemicals, we sought to determine if loss of DGKI impaired responses to itch- or pain-producing stimuli. Using male and female Dgki-knockout mice, we found that in vivo sensitivity to histamine—but not other pruritogens—was enhanced. In contrast, baseline pain sensitivity and pain sensitization following inflammatory or neuropathic injury were equivalent between wild type and Dgki-/- mice. In vitro calcium responses in DRG neurons to histamine was enhanced, while responses to algogenic ligands were unaffected by Dgki deletion. These data suggest Dgki regulates sensory neuron and behavioral responses to histamine, without affecting responses to other pruritogenic or algogenic agents.
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  • Article
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  • In Copyright
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  • Attribution 4.0 International
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  • PLoS ONE
Journal volume
  • 14
Journal issue
  • 6
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  • English
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  • 1932-6203
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  • Public Library of Science
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