Candidate genetic analysis of plasma high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and severity of coronary atherosclerosis Public Deposited

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Creator
  • Marian, AJ
    • Other Affiliation: Center for Cardiovascular Genetics, Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center and Texas Heart Institute, Houston, TX, USA
  • Gotto, Antonio M
    • Other Affiliation: Weil College of Medicine of Cornel University, New York, NY, USA
  • Lombardi, Raffaella
    • Other Affiliation: Center for Cardiovascular Genetics, Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center and Texas Heart Institute, Houston, TX, USA
  • Todd, Josh
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine
  • Ballantyne, Christie M
    • Other Affiliation: Section of Atherosclerosis and Vascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USAMethodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center, Houston TX, USA
  • Cilingiroglu, Mehmet
    • Other Affiliation: University of Cincinnati, Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati, OH, USA
  • Willerson, James T
    • Other Affiliation: Center for Cardiovascular Genetics, Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center and Texas Heart Institute, Houston, TX, USA
  • Chen, Suet
    • Other Affiliation: Center for Cardiovascular Genetics, Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center and Texas Heart Institute, Houston, TX, USA; Graduate Program in Cardiovascular Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
Abstract
  • Abstract: Background: Plasma level of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), a heritable trait, is an important determinant of susceptibility to atherosclerosis. Non-synonymous and regulatory single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes implicated in HDL-C synthesis and metabolism are likely to influence plasma HDL-C, apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) levels and severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Methods: We genotyped 784 unrelated Caucasian individuals from two sets of populations (Lipoprotein and Coronary Atherosclerosis Study- LCAS, N = 333 and TexGen, N = 451) for 94 SNPs in 42 candidate genes by 5' nuclease assays. We tested the distribution of the phenotypes by the Shapiro-Wilk normality test. We used Box-Cox regression to analyze associations of the non-normally distributed phenotypes (plasma HDL-C and apo A-I levels) with the genotypes. We included sex, age, body mass index (BMI), diabetes mellitus (DM), and cigarette smoking as covariates. We calculated the q values as indicators of the false positive discovery rate (FDR). Results: Plasma HDL-C levels were associated with sex (higher in females), BMI (inversely), smoking (lower in smokers), DM (lower in those with DM) and SNPs in APOA5, APOC2, CETP, LPL and LIPC (each q ≤0.01). Likewise, plasma apo A-I levels, available in the LCAS subset, were associated with SNPs in CETP, APOA5, and APOC2 as well as with BMI, sex and age (all q values ≤0.03). The APOA5 variant S19W was also associated with minimal lumen diameter (MLD) of coronary atherosclerotic lesions, a quantitative index of severity of coronary atherosclerosis (q = 0.018); mean number of coronary artery occlusions (p = 0.034) at the baseline and progression of coronary atherosclerosis, as indicated by the loss of MLD. Conclusion: Putatively functional variants of APOA2, APOA5, APOC2, CETP, LPL, LIPC and SOAT2 are independent genetic determinants of plasma HDL-C levels. The non-synonymous S19W SNP in APOA5 is also an independent determinant of plasma apo A-I level, severity of coronary atherosclerosis and its progression.
Date of publication
Identifier
  • 19878569
  • doi:10.1186/1471-2350-10-111
Resource type
  • Article
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Rights holder
  • Suet Chen et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
License
Journal title
  • BMC Medical Genetics
Journal volume
  • 10
Journal issue
  • 1
Page start
  • 111
Language
  • English
Is the article or chapter peer-reviewed?
  • Yes
ISSN
  • 1471-2350
Bibliographic citation
  • BMC Medical Genetics. 2009 Oct 30;10(1):111
Access
  • Open Access
Publisher
  • BioMed Central Ltd
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