Understanding factors that promote uptake of HIV self-testing among young people in Nigeria: Framing youth narratives using the PEN-3 cultural model Public Deposited

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  • Mason, Stacey
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Ezechi, Oliver C.
    • Other Affiliation: Nigerian Institute of Medical Research
  • Obiezu-Umeh, Chisom
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Nwaozuru, Ucheoma
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • BeLue, Rhonda
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Airhihenbuwa, Collins
    • Other Affiliation: Georgia State University
  • Gbaja-Biamila, Titilola
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Oladele, David
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Musa, Adesola Z.
    • Other Affiliation: Nigerian Institute of Medical Research
  • Modi, Karan
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Parker, Jessica
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Uzoaru, Florida
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Engelhart, Alexis
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
  • Tucker, Joseph
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
  • Iwelunmor, Juliet
    • Other Affiliation: Saint Louis University
Abstract
  • It is important to understand how to frame the formats for promoting HIV self-testing to increase uptake among young people. In this study, we used a culture-centered model to understand the narratives of HIV self-testing preferences among young people in Nigeria. We conducted a crowdsourcing contest to solicit ideas surrounding HIV self-testing promotion among young people (10–24 years) in Nigeria from October to November 2018 as part of the 2018 World AIDS Day event. We received 903 submissions and employed thematic content analysis to evaluate 769 eligible youth narratives. Thematic content analysis of the statements from the youth narratives was guided by the PEN-3 cultural model to examine the positive, existential, and negative perceptions (beliefs and values), enablers (resources), and nurturers (roles of friends and family) of HIV self-testing promotion among young people in Nigeria. Several themes emerged as factors that influence the uptake of HIV self-testing among young people in Nigeria. Specifically, seven themes emerged as perceptions: HIV testing accessibility, stigma reduction, and autonomy (positive); HIV self-testing kit packaging and advertisements (existential); lack of knowledge and increased stigma (negative). Seven themes emerged as enablers: social media, school, and government promotion (positive); gamification and animation (existential); high cost and access to linkage to care services (negative); And seven themes emerged as nurturers: peer, families, and faith-based communities (positive); parents and family-centered approach (existential); and partners and family (negative). Our data suggests that increased awareness around HIV self-testing on current youth-friendly platforms, de-stigmatization of HIV and HIV self-testing, decreased prices for HIV self-testing kits, reliability of testing kits, increased linkage to care services, and promotion of self-testing among family members and the community will be beneficial for HIV self-testing scale-up measures among young people in Nigeria.
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  • Article
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  • In Copyright
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  • Attribution 4.0 International
Journal title
  • PLOS ONE
Journal volume
  • 17
Journal issue
  • 6
Page start
  • e0268945
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  • English
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  • 1932-6203
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