SARS-CoV Pathogenesis Is Regulated by a STAT1 Dependent but a Type I, II and III Interferon Receptor Independent Mechanism Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Creator
  • Frieman, Matthew
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology
  • Chen, Jun
    • Other Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
  • Morrison, Thomas E.
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology
  • Whitmore, Alan
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology
  • Funkhouser, William
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
  • Ward, Jerrold M.
    • Other Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
  • Lamirande, Elaine W.
    • Other Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
  • Roberts, Anjeanette
    • Other Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
  • Heise, Mark
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology
  • Subbarao, Kanta
    • Other Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
  • Baric, Ralph S.
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology
Abstract
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infection often caused severe end stage lung disease and organizing phase diffuse alveolar damage, especially in the elderly. The virus-host interactions that governed development of these acute end stage lung diseases and death are unknown. To address this question, we evaluated the role of innate immune signaling in protection from human (Urbani) and a recombinant mouse adapted SARS-CoV, designated rMA15. In contrast to most models of viral pathogenesis, infection of type I, type II or type III interferon knockout mice (129 background) with either Urbani or MA15 viruses resulted in clinical disease outcomes, including transient weight loss, denuding bronchiolitis and alveolar inflammation and recovery, identical to that seen in infection of wildtype mice. This suggests that type I, II and III interferon signaling play minor roles in regulating SARS pathogenesis in mouse models. In contrast, infection of STAT1−/− mice resulted in severe disease, high virus titer, extensive pulmonary lesions and 100% mortality by day 9 and 30 post-infection with rMA15 or Urbani viruses, respectively. Non-lethal in BALB/c mice, Urbani SARS-CoV infection in STAT1−/− mice caused disseminated infection involving the liver, spleen and other tissues after day 9. These findings demonstrated that SARS-CoV pathogenesis is regulated by a STAT1 dependent but type I, II and III interferon receptor independent, mechanism. In contrast to a well documented role in innate immunity, we propose that STAT1 also protects mice via its role as an antagonist of unrestrained cell proliferation.
Date of publication
Keyword
DOI
Identifier
Resource type
  • Article
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Journal title
  • PLoS Pathogens
Journal volume
  • 6
Journal issue
  • 4
Language
  • English
ISSN
  • 1553-7366
Parents:

This work has no parents.

In Collection:

Items