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MLAShea, Christopher M. A Conceptual Model to Guide Research On the Activities and Effects of Innovation Champions. SAGE Publications Ltd, 2021. https://doi.org/10.17615/730x-4533
APAShea, C. (2021). A conceptual model to guide research on the activities and effects of innovation champions. SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.17615/730x-4533
ChicagoShea, Christopher M. 2021. A Conceptual Model to Guide Research On the Activities and Effects of Innovation Champions. SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.17615/730x-4533
Shea, Christopher M.
- Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health
- Background: The importance of having a champion to promote implementation efforts has been discussed in the literature for more than five decades. However, the empirical literature on champions remains underdeveloped. As a result, health organizations commonly use champions in their implementation efforts without the benefit of evidence to guide decisions about how to identify, prepare, and evaluate their champions. The goal of this article is to present a model of champion impact that draws upon previous literature and is intended to inform future research on champions and serve as a guide for practitioners serving in a champion role. Methods: The proposed model is informed by existing literature, both conceptual and empirical. Prior studies and reviews of the literature have faced challenges in terms of operationalizing and reporting on champion characteristics, activities, and impacts. The proposed model addresses this challenge by delineating these constructs, which allows for consolidation of factors previously discussed about champions as well as new hypothesized relationships between constructs. Results: The model proposes that a combination of champion commitment and champion experience and self-efficacy influence champion performance, which influences peer engagement with the champion, which ultimately influences the champion's impact. Two additional constructs have indirect effects on champion impact. Champion beliefs about the innovation and organizational support for the champion affect champion commitment. Conclusion: The proposed model is intended to support prospective studies of champions by hypothesizing relationships between constructs identified in the champion literature, specifically relationships between modifiable factors that influence a champion?s potential impact. Over time, the model should be modified, as appropriate, based on new findings from champion-related research. Plain language summary: An innovation champion is an individual who works within an organization and who dedicates themselves to promoting a change within the organization, such as implementing a new intervention or a new quality improvement effort. Health organizations commonly rely on innovation champions, and existing literature on champions suggests they are important for successful organizational change. However, many questions remain about what effective champions do and what types of support they need to perform their champion role well. The goal of this article is to present a model of champion impact that draws upon previous literature and is intended to serve as a guide for future research on champions. In doing so, the model could support coordinated research efforts that answer questions about the characteristics, activities, and impacts of champions. Ultimately, this research could lead to development of useful guidance and tools for health system leaders to support champions within their organizations.
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- Implementation Research and Practice
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- SAGE Publications Ltd
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