HIV and hepatitis C virus test uptake at methadone clinics in Southern China: opportunities for expanding detection of bloodborne infections Public Deposited

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Creator
  • Xia, Ying-Hua
    • Other Affiliation: Faculty of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, No. 74, Zhongshan Road II, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 510080, P.R. China; Sun Yat-sen Center for Migrant Health Policy, Sun Yat-sen University, No. 74, Zhongshan Road II, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 510080, P.R. China
  • Chen, Wen
    • Other Affiliation: Faculty of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, No. 74, Zhongshan Road II, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 510080, P.R. China; Sun Yat-sen Center for Migrant Health Policy, Sun Yat-sen University, No. 74, Zhongshan Road II, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 510080, P.R. China
  • Tucker, Joseph D
    • Other Affiliation: Sun Yat-sen Center for Migrant Health Policy, Sun Yat-sen University, No. 74, Zhongshan Road II, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 510080, P.R. China; UNC Project-China, Guangdong STD Control Center, Guangzhou 510095, P.R. China
  • Wang, Charles
    • Other Affiliation: UNC Project-China, Guangdong STD Control Center, Guangzhou 510095, P.R. China; Division of Gastroenterology, Rhode Island Hospital / Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 593 Eddy Street, APC 414, Providence, RI 02903, USA
  • Ling, Li
    • Other Affiliation: Faculty of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, No. 74, Zhongshan Road II, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 510080, P.R. China; Sun Yat-sen Center for Migrant Health Policy, Sun Yat-sen University, No. 74, Zhongshan Road II, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 510080, P.R. China
Abstract
  • Abstract Background HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) co-infection is highly common among Chinese injection drug users but it is difficult to reach IDUs at traditional VCT (Voluntary HIV counseling treatment) clinics. A new national model integrating HIV/HCV testing with methadone maintenance treatment was started in 2006. The purpose of this study was to investigate HIV and HCV test uptake and associated factors at methadone clinics in Guangdong Province, China. Methods A cross-sectional design using routine surveillance data and laboratory testing confirmation was applied to determine rates of HIV and HCV test uptake. Multi-level modeling was used to examine individual-level and clinic-level correlates of increased test uptake. Results 45 out of 49 methadone clinics in Guangdong Province agreed to participate in the study. Among all 13,270 individuals, 10,046 (75.7%) had HIV test uptake and 10,404 (78.4%) had HCV uptake. At the individual level, methadone clients 30 years or older were more likely to have HIV and HCV test uptake (p <0.001 for both). At the clinic level, methadone clinics with greater health care personnel were more likely to have HIV (p =0.01) and HCV (p = 0.044) test uptake. HIV test uptake significantly correlated with HCV test uptake (correlation coefficient=0.64). Conclusion Methadone clinics provide an opportunity for routine integrated HIV and HCV screening among drug users in China. Increased test uptake in young drug users and increased health care personnel at clinics may further improve screening.
Date of publication
Identifier
  • 24079351
  • doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-899
Resource type
  • Article
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Rights holder
  • Ying-Hua Xia et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
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Journal title
  • BMC Public Health
Journal volume
  • 13
Journal issue
  • 1
Page start
  • 899
Language
  • English
Is the article or chapter peer-reviewed?
  • Yes
ISSN
  • 1471-2458
Bibliographic citation
  • BMC Public Health. 2013 Sep 30;13(1):899
Access
  • Open Access
Publisher
  • BioMed Central Ltd
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