Effect of airway clearance therapies on mucociliary clearance in adults with cystic fibrosis: A randomized controlled trial Public Deposited

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  • Trimble, Aaron
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
  • Zeman, Kirby
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
  • Wu, Jihong
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
  • Ceppe, Agathe
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
  • Bennett, William
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
  • Donaldson, Scott
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Medicine
Abstract
  • Background Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder causing impaired mucociliary clearance within the respiratory tract, and is associated with bronchiectasis, chronic respiratory infections, and early death. Airway clearance therapies have long been a cornerstone of management of individuals with CF, although evidence supporting their use is lacking. We designed a randomized controlled trial to quantitatively compare the effects of different forms of airway clearance on mucociliary clearance. Methods Three different physiotherapy methods to augment cough-clearance were studied in addition to cough-clearance alone: high-frequency chest-wall oscillating vest, oscillatory positive expiratory pressure, and whole-body vibration. We used gamma scintigraphy after inhalation of radiolabeled particles to quantify mucus clearance before, during, and after physiotherapy. As secondary endpoints, we measured concentrations of small molecules in exhaled breath that may impact mucus clearance. Results Ten subjects were enrolled and completed study procedures. No differences were identified between any method of airway clearance, including cough clearance alone. We did identify changes in certain small molecule concentrations in exhaled breath following airway clearance. Conclusions Due to the limitations of this study, we do not believe the negative results suggest a change in clinical practice with regard to airway clearance. Findings pertaining to small molecules in exhaled breath may serve as future opportunities for study.
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  • Article
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  • In Copyright
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  • Attribution 4.0 International
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  • PLOS ONE
Journal volume
  • 17
Journal issue
  • 5
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  • English
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  • 1932-6203
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