Sociodemographic and Clinical Predictors of Prescription Opioid Use in a Longitudinal Community-Based Cohort Study of Middle-Aged and Older Adults Public Deposited

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  • Shiue, Kristin
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology
  • Dasgupta, Nabarun
    • Affiliation: Injury Prevention Research Center
  • Naumann, Rebecca
    • Affiliation: Injury Prevention Research Center
  • Nelson, Amanda
    • Affiliation: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Golightly, Yvonne
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology
  • Objectives: Identifying factors associated with opioid use in middle-aged and older adults is a fundamental step in the mitigation of potentially unnecessary opioid consumption and opioid-related harms. Methods: Using longitudinal data on a community-based cohort of adults aged 50-90 years residing in Johnston County, North Carolina, we examined sociodemographic and clinical factors in non-opioid users (n = 786) at baseline (2006-2010) as predictors of opioid use at follow-up (2013-2015). Variables included age, sex, race, obesity, educational attainment, employment status, household poverty rate, marital status, depressive symptoms, social support, pain catastrophizing, pain sensitivity, insurance status, polypharmacy, and smoking status. Results: At follow-up, 13% of participants were using prescription opioids. In the multivariable model, high pain catastrophizing (adjusted odds ratio; 95% confidence interval = 2.14; 1.33-3.46), polypharmacy (2.08; 1.23-3.53), and history of depressive symptoms (2.00; 1.19-3.38) were independent markers of opioid use. Discussion: Findings support the assessment of these modifiable factors during clinical encounters in patients ≥ 50 years old with chronic pain.
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