Gutierrez, T, et al. Editorial: Microbial Exopolymers: Sources, Chemico-physiological Properties, and Ecosystem Effects In the Marine Environment. Frontiers Media S.A., 2018. https://doi.org/10.17615/4kyh-t806
Gutierrez, T., Teske, A., Ziervogel, K., Passow, U., & Quigg, A. (2018). Editorial: Microbial exopolymers: Sources, chemico-physiological properties, and ecosystem effects in the marine environment. Frontiers Media S.A. https://doi.org/10.17615/4kyh-t806
Gutierrez, T., A Teske, K Ziervogel, U Passow, and A Quigg. 2018. Editorial: Microbial Exopolymers: Sources, Chemico-Physiological Properties, and Ecosystem Effects In the Marine Environment. Frontiers Media S.A.. https://doi.org/10.17615/4kyh-t806
Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Marine Sciences
Other Affiliation: University of New Hampshire
Other Affiliation: University of California, Santa Barbara
Other Affiliation: Texas A and M University at Galveston
A large proportion of the total carbon in theWorld Ocean is in the formof dissolved organic matter (DOM), which is comparable in mass to the carbon in atmospheric CO2 (Hansell and Carlson, 1998). A major source of this material derives from the synthesis and release of exopolymers, or extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), mainly by bacteria and eukaryotic phytoplankton (Verdugo, 1994; Aluwihare et al., 1997). An initial understanding on the secretion of EPS by microorganisms, and their potential stabilizing effects for microbial cells, emerged during the last century with the first report by ZoBell and Allen (1935). We now know that most bacteria, and other microorganisms, occur associated with biofilms, either attached to surfaces or as suspended-aggregates in the water column. Exopolymer secretions thus serve important functions in marine environments, where they may be involved in microbial adhesion to solid surfaces and biofilm formation (Thavasi and Banat, 2014). They have also been shown to be involved in emulsification of hydrocarbon oils to enhance biodegradation (Gutierrez et al., 2013), mediating the fate and mobility of heavymetals and tracemetal nutrients (Bhaskar and Bhosle, 2005; Gutierrez et al., 2008, 2012), or interacting with dissolved and/or particulate organic matter (Long and Azam, 2001). This wide spectrum of functional activity is reflected not merely in the complex chemistry of these biopolymers, but also in the diversity of bacterial and phytoplankton genera found producing them.