Revisiting the mechanics and energetics of walking in individuals with chronic hemiparesis following stroke: from individual limbs to lower limb joints Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Creator
  • Hampton, Austin
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, UNC/NCSU Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering
  • Sawicki, Gregory
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, UNC/NCSU Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering
  • Farris, Dominic J
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, UNC/NCSU Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering
    • Other Affiliation: School of Human Movement & Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, Human Movement Studies Bldg, Blair Drive, St Lucia, QLD 4072, USA
  • Lewek, Michael
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Allied Health Sciences, Division of Physical Therapy, Curriculum in Human Movement Science
Abstract
  • Abstract Background Previous reports of the mechanics and energetics of post-stroke hemiparetic walking have either not combined estimates of mechanical and metabolic energy or computed external mechanical work based on the limited combined limbs method. Here we present a comparison of the mechanics and energetics of hemiparetic and unimpaired walking at a matched speed. Methods Mechanical work done on the body centre of mass (COM) was computed by the individual limbs method and work done at individual leg joints was computed with an inverse dynamics analysis. Both estimates were converted to average powers and related to simultaneous estimates of net metabolic power, determined via indirect calorimetry. Efficiency of positive work was calculated as the ratio of average positive mechanical power P ¯ + $$ {\\overline{P}}^{+} $$ to net metabolic power. Results Total P ¯ + $$ {\\overline{P}}^{+} $$ was 20% greater for the hemiparetic group (H) than for the unimpaired control group (C) (0.49 vs. 0.41 W · kg−1). The greater P ¯ + $$ {\\overline{P}}^{+} $$ was partly attributed to the paretic limb of hemiparetic walkers not providing appropriately timed push-off P ¯ + $$ {\\overline{P}}^{+} $$ in the step-to-step transition. This led to compensatory non-paretic limb hip and knee P ¯ + $$ {\\overline{P}}^{+} $$ which resulted in greater total mechanical work. Efficiency of positive work was not different between H and C. Conclusions Increased work, not decreased efficiency, explains the greater metabolic cost of hemiparetic walking post-stroke. Our results highlighted the need to target improving paretic ankle push-off via therapy or assistive technology in order to reduce the metabolic cost of hemiparetic walking.
Date of publication
Identifier
  • doi:10.1186/s12984-015-0012-x
Resource type
  • Article
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Rights holder
  • Farris et al.; licensee BioMed Central.
Language
  • English
Bibliographic citation
  • Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 2015 Feb 27;12(1):24
Publisher
  • BioMed Central
Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items