Nitrogen mass balance for spray fields fertilized with liquid swine waste Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
  • DeBerardinis, Jeffrey T.
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering
  • The swine industry has expanded rapidly in North Carolina over the last two decades. Animals are raised in confined facilities where waste is flushed into open-air lagoons and the liquid phase is land-applied to receiving fields as an organic fertilizer. The post-application fate has not been fully documented. Therefore, on three occasions I experimentally applied liquid swine waste at typical doses (40 to 130 kg N ha-2) to defined plots in an active spray field on a representative North Carolina swine production facility and constructed an N mass balance for a 14 to 18 d period. Most of the N (52%) was assimilated into plants, while surprisingly little (9%) was volatilized. Microbial immobilization accounted for 10% of the applied N, while 12% migrated below the active soil zone (surface 20 cm) and was presumably lost to groundwater. The soil storage term averaged 16%, while the denitrification sink was inconsequential (<1%).
Date of publication
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • Whalen, Stephen
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Open access

This work has no parents.