THE INFLUENCES OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, LIFESTYLE, AND GENETIC INHERITANCE ON WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 22, 2019
Creator
  • Wei, Caiping
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Sociology
Abstract
  • Waist circumference is a convenient measure of obesity, abdominal obesity and fat distribution and it is a more efficient predictor than BMI for diseases including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In this study, we investigate the GxE interplay in influencing waist circumference among the elderly males using the data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) that includes 4,944 males whose waist circumferences are measured at five different time points, mostly aged 50 to 100. We generate “top-hits” polygenic scores using genetic variants associated with waist circumference from previous studies and whole-genome polygenic score using whole-genome genetic variants from GIANT consortium. By incorporating the polygenic scores, socioeconomic status (SES), and lifestyle, we found that the genetic influence on waist circumference for people who do less physical activity is higher than for those who do more physical activity.
Date of publication
Keyword
DOI
Resource type
Advisor
  • Guo, Guang
  • Nielsen, Francois
  • Shanahan, Michael
Degree
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2018
Language
Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items