Healthy Weight Behaviors and Weight Change in Parents and Preschool-Aged Children Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Nezami, Brooke
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Health Behavior
Abstract
  • The high prevalence of obesity among children, coupled with the strong link between child weight and parent weight, highlights the importance of identifying successful interventions that use parents as the agent of change to encourage sustainable healthy behaviors in children. The purpose of this dissertation was to identify successful intervention strategies for intervening with parents of young children. Aim One used a serial mediation model to evaluate the mediating effect of exercise barriers and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) changes on the relationship between number of children in the home and weight change of adults (N=263) in an 18-month behavioral weight loss intervention. An increasing number of children in the home was associated with lower percent weight loss at 6 months, which was mediated by greater exercise barriers at baseline and a lower increase in MVPA by 6 months. There was no relationship between number of children in the home and percent weight regain from 6 to 18 months. Aim Two was a 6-month randomized controlled trial that tested the efficacy of an intervention that targeted mothers of children ages 3 to 5 (N=51) to reduce child sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and maternal weight through the use of a smartphone-delivered website, text messages, and simplified self-monitoring compared to a waitlist control group. Children in Smart Moms reduced their SSB intake significantly more than children in the control group at 6 months (-9.5 oz. vs. -1.9 oz., p<.01). Mothers in Smart Moms lost significantly more weight than mothers in the control group (-2.3 kg vs. +0.9 kg, p<.01). Aim Three tested whether changes in the intervention targets mediated the effect of the intervention on child SSB change. Reductions in maternal caloric beverages and parental concern for the child’s diet at 3 months mediated the effect of the intervention on child SSB change at 6 months. By adapting the traditional behavioral intervention to a focus on specific dietary behaviors and delivering intervention materials via technology to reduce time demands and increase parental adherence, this dissertation contributes to the emerging evidence base seeking to inform successful strategies to prevent child obesity through family-based approaches.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Lytle, Leslie
  • Bowling, J. Michael
  • Tate, Deborah
  • Ward, Dianne
  • Ennett, Susan
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016
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