Movement Effects on Policy Adoption and Socio-Economic Outcomes: The Case of Affordable Housing Mobilization in the United States Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Al-Turk, Akram
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Sociology
Abstract
  • Do social movement organizations (SMOs) have varying effects on policy adoption and on policy impact? I address this question by testing whether affordable housing SMOs in U.S. cities have an effect on two outcomes: the adoption of either a housing trust fund or inclusionary zoning ordinance (policy adoption), and the number of affordable housing units built with federal tax credits (policy impact). I find that SMOs have a more direct effect on policy adoption than they do on impact, but that SMOs have a moderating effect on the latter. Specifically, they dampen the negative effects of poverty on the number of affordable housing units built, they bolster the effects of administrative spending on units built, and they lessen the effects of an affordable housing policy on units built. The latter finding indicates that outcomes (e.g., policy adoption) that SMOs attained in earlier stages of the policy process may in fact dampen their effects in latter stages. This finding suggests that research on SMO outcomes that examines multiple policy stages can provide insights into why SMOs affect those outcomes differently. The paper’s findings also show that structural conditions such as poverty were the strongest predictors of both policy adoption and impact, suggesting that future research should consider how such structural conditions moderate or are moderated by SMOs.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Andrews, Kenneth
  • Caren, Neal
  • Kurzman, Charles
Degree
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016
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