The effect of maternal health input behaviors on the incidence of pediatric asthma diagnosis and management Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Green, Tiffany L.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Economics
Abstract
  • Asthma is the most commonly occurring chronic childhood disease in the United States and is the leading cause of hospitalization and missed school days. I examine whether socioeconomic disparities in asthma can be attributed to differences in low birthweight and maternal inputs, including smoking, breastfeeding and well-baby visits. I find that low birthweight is a major determinant of asthma at age three and that smoking is positively related to asthma attacks at age one. I find that when each of the inputs is modeled, low birthweight is the major determinant of an asthma diagnosis at age three and smoking is an important factor in asthma attacks at age two. Also, having had adequate well-baby visits at age one reduces the likelihood of an asthma-related hospital visit. Simulations of the effect of prenatal smoking on asthma suggest that the indirect effects of smoking are substantial and operate through low birthweight. Further policy simulations demonstrate the increasing the price of cigarettes is one potential mechanism for reducing prenatal smoking.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Gilleskie, Donna B.
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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  • Open access
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