The Associations among Religiosity, Parenting, and Sexual Behavior in African-American Youth from Single-Mother Families: A Moderated Mediation Model Public Deposited

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  • March 19, 2019
Creator
  • Dye, Shiahna
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
Abstract
  • African American youth, particularly those from single mother homes, are at an increased risk for the negative health consequences associated with risky sexual behavior (CDC, 2010; Zimmer-Gembeck & Helfand, 2008); however, despite elevated risk, many African American adolescents from single mother homes display positive outcomes (e.g., fewer psychosocial difficulties, fewer problem behaviors; Brody & Flor, 1998; Kim and Brody, 2005). Using an ecological resiliency perspective (Murry, Bynum, Brody, Willert, & Stephens, 2000) and a sample of 193 African American single mother families, the current study examined protective factors (e.g., maternal religiosity, adolescent religiosity, & parenting behaviors) associated with decreased adolescent engagement in risky sexual behaviors. Findings indicated that maternal religiosity was not directly associated with adolescent risky sexual behavior. However, maternal religiosity was indirectly related to adolescent risky sexual behavior through adolescent religiosity. This indirect effect was moderated by maternal monitoring and control for adolescent recent risky sexual behavior. Lastly, maternal religiosity was not indirectly related to adolescent risky sexual behavior through parenting. The moderating effects of adolescent gender and age were explored for all analyses. Findings of this study help clarify the mechanisms that link religiosity and parenting to adolescent risky sexual behavior, particularly among African American adolescents from single-mother households. Implications of this study include identifying strategies for religion and parent -based interventions that can be tailored based on adolescent gender and age and utilized to protect at-risk African American adolescents from engaging in risky sexual behaviors.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Seaton, Eleanor K.
  • Hussong, Andrea
  • Baucom, Donald
  • Lowman, Joseph
  • Jones, Deborah
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2014
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  • Chapel Hill, NC
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