ESCHERICHIA COLI, POULTRY, AND PRECIPITATION: A WATERSHED STORY Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Leighton, Ryan
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering
Abstract
  • Industrial poultry production in concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) in North Carolina has grown rapidly, with North Carolina now ranked nationally as a top poultry producer. The Yadkin-Pee Dee River Basin harbors the highest density of poultry production among North Carolina river basins. This study examined the effect of poultry CAFOs on water quality in the Yadkin-Pee Dee River Basin by comparing watersheds with CAFOs (n=5) to those without CAFOs (n=4). In partnership with Yadkin Riverkeeper, we collected surface water samples during both dry weather and wet weather events, for a total of 36 samples analyzed. Each sample was evaluated for Escherichia coli concentrations and antibiotic resistance profiles. Few E. coli isolates were antibiotic resistant. A multiple linear regression indicated presence of poultry CAFOs resulted in higher E. coli concentrations compared to background sites and that every 1-mm increase in precipitation resulted in higher E. coli concentrations.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Noble, Rachel
  • Emch, Michael
  • Stewart, Jill
Degree
  • Master of Science
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2018
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