The effects of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on clinical measures of concussion Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Littleton, Ashley Cameron
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Exercise and Sport Science
Abstract
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and stimulant medications on concussion measures in physically active individuals, and examine differences in practice effects between an un-medicated ADHD group and matched controls. All participants were administered CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS), the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS), and the Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) on three separate testing sessions (the ADHD group completed session one and two on medication and session three off medication), each 7-9 days apart. The ADHD group had diminished scores on measures of overall neurocognition, psychomotor speed and processing speed; these scores improved with medication (p<0.05).Our study suggests that it is especially important to obtain a baseline measure in individuals with ADHD, because it is difficult to compare scores to normative data and individuals with ADHD should also be tested on their medication if possible.
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  • In Copyright
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  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of Exercise and Sports Sciences (Athletic Training)."
Advisor
  • Guskiewicz, Kevin M.
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
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  • Open access
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