Temporary exile: national differences in the Kindertransport experience and memory of children from Austria and Czechoslovakia Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 22, 2019
Creator
  • Brade, Laura Elizabeth
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of History
Abstract
  • This thesis examines national differences in the experience and memory of the 10,000 unaccompanied children sent to England to escape Nazi persecution by the Kindertransport rescue mission in 1938 and 1939. To do so, I focus on comparing the exile experiences of Kinder from Austria and Czechoslovakia through the use of oral testimonies. I argue that national differences--comprised of national origins, nationality, national identity, and the political distinction of friendly or enemy alien--uniquely affected Kindertransport experiences. To trace the effects of national differences, I explore three periods in the lives of the Kindertransport refugees: in Czechoslovakia or Austria, in England, and after 1945. I examine the evidence of national differences in Kinder's relationship to their countries of origin and national communities, how the labels of Austrian or Czech in England affected the Kinder's sense of national identity, and how Kinder forged non-national identities in postwar Kindertransport memory communities.
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  • In Copyright
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  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of History."
Advisor
  • Browning, Christopher R.
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
Access
  • Open access
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