Faculty Perceptions of Organizational Culture in Saudi Arabian Schools of Nursing: A Mixed Methods Study Public Deposited

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  • March 22, 2019
  • Alsulami, Sanaa
    • Affiliation: School of Nursing
  • Schools of nursing worldwide are confronting a growing faculty shortage. As many middle eastern countries, Saudi Arabia is relying on large numbers of mostly expatriate faculty working in nursing schools. Evidence shows that individual from different cultural backgrounds bring with them their own behaviors, expectations, values, and preferences to the workplace. Thus, they have various descriptions and preferences of their current work experience. In Saudi literature, organizational culture of nursing schools and leadership strategies used to manage largely non-Saudi academic environments have not been examined yet. This dissertation hence aimed to examine the perceptions of deans/ directors and multicultural faculty of Saudi nursing schools regarding the organizational culture and leadership strategies used to manage the diverse academic environments, and the influence of faculty diversity on schools’ outcomes. The Competing Values Framework (CVF) was used to guide this dissertation. Three papers were produced to reach the overall purpose of this dissertation. The dissertation begins by conducting a multi-country scoping review (first paper) to examine current literature that describes work experiences of faculty representing diverse cultural backgrounds and working in academia across the world and to target effective recruitment and retention leadership strategies to enhance faculty diversity, thereby minimizing the international faculty shortage and improving the organizational culture of academic workplaces. Then, the second was a qualitative study conducted to examine deans/ directors’ perceptions of their leadership strategies used currently to manage the diverse academic environments and the influence of faculty diversity on schools’ outcomes. The third paper focused on examining the perceptions of multicultural faculty regarding the existing and preferred organizational culture for Saudi nursing schools and leadership strategies used by deans/ directors. Overall findings of the three papers were that deans/ directors and faculty of Saudi schools of nursing experienced both challenges from working in a multicultural workforce and benefits from its positive impacts on themselves, their students, and the school’s outcomes. The commitment of school leaders toward diversity and using mixed and effective leadership strategies are substantial for creating an inclusive work culture for all faculty through open-communication, institutional involvement, respectful engagement, academic freedom, and professional growth.
Date of publication
Resource type
  • Jones, Cheryl
  • Aboshaiqah, Ahmad
  • Sherwood, Gwen
  • Anderson, Ruth
  • Havens, Donna
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2018

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