Cortical Surface Registration and Shape Analysis Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Lyu, Ilwoo
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Computer Science
Abstract
  • A population analysis of human cortical morphometry is critical for insights into brain development or degeneration. Such an analysis allows for investigating sulcal and gyral folding patterns. In general, such a population analysis requires both a well-established cortical correspondence and a well-defined quantification of the cortical morphometry. The highly folded and convoluted structures render a reliable and consistent population analysis challenging. Three key challenges have been identified for such an analysis: 1) consistent sulcal landmark extraction from the cortical surface to guide better cortical correspondence, 2) a correspondence establishment for a reliable and stable population analysis, and 3) quantification of the cortical folding in a more reliable and biologically meaningful fashion. The main focus of this dissertation is to develop a fully automatic pipeline that supports a population analysis of local cortical folding changes. My proposed pipeline consists of three novel components I developed to overcome the challenges in the population analysis: 1) automatic sulcal curve extraction for stable/reliable anatomical landmark selection, 2) group-wise registration for establishing cortical shape correspondence across a population with no template selection bias, and 3) quantification of local cortical folding using a novel cortical-shape-adaptive kernel. To evaluate my methodological contributions, I applied all of them in an application to early postnatal brain development. I studied the human cortical morphological development using the proposed quantification of local cortical folding from neonate age to 1 year and 2 years of age, with quantitative developmental assessments. This study revealed a novel pattern of associations between the cortical gyrification and cognitive development.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Niethammer, Marc
  • Zhu, Hongtu
  • Gilmore, John
  • Pizer, Stephen M.
  • Styner, Martin
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2017
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