The impact of observed parental emotion socialization on adolescent self-medication Public Deposited

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  • March 22, 2019
  • Hersh, Matthew A.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between observed parental emotion socialization (PES) and negative affect-motivated substance use among adolescents (i.e., self-medication). Although research consistently shows that parenting relates to adolescent negative affect and substance use respectively, the current study specifically addressed the under-researched area of parents’ impact on self-medication using a new observational measure of PES and experience sampling methodology to assess self-medication as a daily process. Thus, this study had two main aims. The first was to examine the structure and function of the new observational PES measure. The second was to test substantive questions regarding the impact of PES on adolescent self-medication using both a unidimensional and typological approach to PES. Further, adolescent gender differences in the relation between PES and self-medication were examined. Sixty-five 14-year-old adolescents (and parents) who were predominantly female (52% and 94% for adolescents and parents, respectively) and Caucasian (58%) were recruited from a larger school-based survey for substance use risk. Dyads participated in intensive home-based interviews to assess adolescent self-medication through a three-week experience sampling procedure and PES through an observation-based adolescent stress disclosure task. Demographics and other parenting measures were completed by adolescents and parents separately. Reliability and validity analyses were conducted for the measure of observed PES and revealed good inter-rater reliability, promising validity, and a structure generally consistent with the existing PES literature. Multi-level modeling analyses testing the substantive hypotheses revealed limited support for the role of adolescent gender or a unidimensional approach to PES in self-medication. However, interactions between emotion-coaching and emotion-dismissing PES resulted in two different PES styles (i.e., disengaged and over-involved) that best predicted self-medication. Results are discussed with consideration of the importance of PES styles and their effects on self-medication through compromised emotion regulation and interpersonal processes. Implications for future research and intervention are also discussed.
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  • Hussong, Andrea
  • Open access

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