An Analysis of European Shale Gas Policies: Why EU Member States are Pursuing Divergent 'Fracking' Strategies Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
  • Thorne, Ben
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Political Science
  • The recent progression in hydraulic fracturing or `fracking' has enabled energy companies to extract once-considered, inaccessible hydrocarbons. The United States has been at the forefront of this controversial industry, revolutionizing the energy market by becoming the world's largest oil and natural gas producer as a result of its vast shale deposits. Shale oil and gas deposits are not unique to North America, however. EU member states are faced with the dilemma of whether to permit fracking domestically or suspend operations. The United Kingdom and Romania have issued concessions for exploring their reserves, while France and Bulgaria have halted all drilling efforts, citing environmental concerns. This paper evaluates why these four European countries pursued divergent fracking policies, arguing that energy security and Russian-relations are more relevant and powerful explanatory factors than a country's commitment to protecting the environment.
Date of publication
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • Searing, Donald
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Graduation year
  • 2014

This work has no parents.