Fast and Accurate Haplotype Inference with Hidden Markov Model Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Liu, Yi
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Computer Science
Abstract
  • The genome of human and other diploid organisms consists of paired chromosomes. The haplotype information (DNA constellation on one single chromosome), which is crucial for disease association analysis and population genetic inference among many others, is however hidden in the data generated for diploid organisms (including human) by modern high-throughput technologies which cannot distinguish information from two homologous chromosomes. Here, I consider the haplotype inference problem in two common scenarios of genetic studies: 1. Model organisms (such as laboratory mice): Individuals are bred through prescribed pedigree design. 2. Out-bred organisms (such as human): Individuals (mostly unrelated) are drawn from one or more populations or continental groups. In the two scenarios, one individual may share short blocks of chromosomes with other individual(s) or with founder(s) if available. I have developed and implemented methods, by identifying the shared blocks statistically, to accurately and more rapidly reconstruct the haplotypes for individuals under study and to solve important related problems including genotype imputation and ancestry inference. My methods, based on hidden Markov model, can scale up to tens of thousands of individuals. Analysis based on my method leads to a new genetic map in mouse population which reveals important biological properties of the recombination process. I have also explored the study design and empirical quality control for imputation tasks with large scale datasets from admixed population.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Wang, Wei
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Graduation year
  • 2013
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