Out-of-home placement and educational well-being of Black adolescents: An examination of school engagement and special education involvement Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
  • Fitzpatrick Fleming, Phylicia
    • Affiliation: School of Education, School Psychology Graduate Program
  • Using an ecological systems framework, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between out-of-home placement and educational outcomes for Black adolescents, focusing specifically on school engagement and special education involvement. By analyzing the relationship between the two, this study provides insight into the experiences of children with significant out-of-home placement histories. Secondary data analysis was employed to extract data from the National Survey for Child and Adolescent Well-being –Wave 3, paying particular attention to Black adolescents, aged 11-17. More specifically, this project examined responses to education items provided by this adolescent population as well their parents and caseworkers. Data were analyzed using ANOVAs and regression analyses, controlling for confounding variables. Results indicated that there were no significant differences in school engagement for Black adolescents receiving in-home services and those receiving out-of-home services. More still, when out-of-home setting type was considered, no differences were found in students’ educational experiences. Results indicated, however, that regardless of service type, a disproportionate number of students experienced grade retention—underscoring the importance of targeted intervention for students receiving these particular child welfare services. Lastly, when controlling for age, gender, and socio-economic status, out-of-home placement type did not significantly predict educational outcomes for Black adolescents. Implications of the findings are discussed with a specific focus on the practice of school psychology.
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  • In Copyright
  • Simeonsson, Rune
  • Knotek, Steven
  • Johnson, Otis
  • Thompson Dorsey, Dana
  • Evarrs, Sandra
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016

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