Electoral Reform, Party System Evolution and Democracy in Contemporary Indonesia Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 22, 2019
Creator
  • Shair-Rosenfield, Sarah
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Political Science
Abstract
  • This dissertation examines the links between electoral reform and political party system development in new democracies where iterated reforms are increasingly common, requiring an understanding of their causes and short-term consequences. It examines this relationship in detail in Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim democracy. It finds that, although the rules of the game may appear to be in flux during iterated electoral reforms, those reforms often follow a predictable dynamic and consistently demonstrate evidence of seat-maximization. Assessing how a combination of strategic and alternative motivations may affect decision-making, as well as how prior reforms constrain future reform options, is key to understanding how reforms affect the composition and shape of the ensuing party system. The dissertation employs a multi-methods approach, conducting both a large-N quantitative analysis with an original dataset of cross-national electoral reform and a case study of Indonesia. The large-N analysis includes 34 cases of electoral reform from 1950 to 2010; for the case study I draw on in-depth interviews with key reform actors, archival research, and an analysis of election outcomes from 1999-2009 to assess the relationship between electoral reform, party system change and the process of democratization in Indonesia.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Hartlyn, Jonathan
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Graduation year
  • 2012
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