Examining the risk of out-of-home placement among child welfare involved families victimized by domestic violence Public Deposited

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  • March 22, 2019
Creator
  • Nwabuzor, Ijeoma J.
    • Affiliation: School of Social Work
Abstract
  • Mothers victimized by domestic violence (DV) are burdened by risk factors across several ecological domains that negatively influence their parenting. Therefore, children within families victimized by DV are at higher risk for many negative outcomes, including child maltreatment. Due to the link between DV and child maltreatment, these families are often brought to the attention of child welfare agencies. However there is limited information available on the case outcomes of families victimized by DV. Therefore, the following three papers examine these families' risk of out-of-home placement. The first paper provides a comprehensive review of research examining the effects of DV on the prevalence of out-of-home placement. The review also examines whether the immediate safety afforded by children's removal from DV situations is worth the potential future risks to their safety, permanence, and other well-being outcomes. A systematic search of the literature resulted in 29 articles that met the study's criteria. Data suggest that DV alone is not related to out-of-home placement; however, these findings are clouded by mixed findings and inconsistent research. Firm conclusions could not be drawn about the permanence, safety, and well-being of foster care children with DV histories, due to inconsistent study findings. The second paper uses data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) to longitudinally examine whether children with African American caregivers who reported DV are at greater risk for out-of-home placement compared to children with non-African American caregivers who reported DV. A propensity score analysis was used to control for selection bias. Findings indicate that caseworkers' decision to place a child who has a parent victimized by DV is not influenced by race. The third paper examines differences in the timing to out-of-home placement between children with caregivers who reported DV and children with caregivers who did not report DV. This study also uses longitudinal data from the NSCAW and balances the data using propensity score analysis methods. Findings support the study hypothesis showing caregivers who reported DV are at greater risk of having a child in out-of-home placement at faster speeds than caregivers who did not report DV.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Testa, Mark
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Graduation year
  • 2012
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