THE DYNAMICS BETWEEN MIGRATION AND LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGE (LULCC) IN BURKINA FASO: A COMPARATIVE CASE STUDY Public Deposited

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  • March 19, 2019
Creator
  • Nebie, Elisabeth
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Anthropology
Abstract
  • In Burkina Faso, population pressure on land cover, fragmenting agricultural units and reduced rainfall have exacerbated land degradation. The long-term failure to balance human interferences and natural degrading processes with natural reproduction and restorative management efforts has initiated Land Use and Land Cover Change (LULCC). In northern Burkina Faso, land degradation has stimulated a large migration toward more fertile areas of the south. While northern provinces such as Bam Province in Burkina Faso are being rehabilitated by Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) projects, southern provinces, such as Sissili Province, considered more "pristine," have been neglected. Recently, researchers have been highlighting the role of demographic pressure and agro-pastoral activities on land degradation in Sissili. However, comparative research between provinces of departure and destination has not yet been undertaken. This paper, informed by regional political ecology, integrates LULCC data with ethnographic and demographic information to compare the dynamics between migration and LULCC trends in Bam and Sissili. This comparison assesses whether these provinces are migration `sources' or `sinks.' The results show that migration correlates with LULCC and detect greater LULCC in in-migration areas and little LULCC in areas of out-migration.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Price, Charles
  • West, Colin
  • Leslie, Paul
Degree
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2015
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  • Africa
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Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
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