Exosome Mediated Delivery of Paclitaxel for the Treatment of Multi-Drug Resistant Pulmonary Metastases Public Deposited

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  • March 19, 2019
Creator
  • Kim, Myung Soo
    • Affiliation: Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacoengineering and Molecular Pharmaceutics
Abstract
  • Exosomes have recently come into focus as “natural nanoparticles” for use as drug delivery vehicles because they lack many drawbacks inherent to other nanoformulations. Many potentially useful chemotherapeutics possess undesirable attributes such as low solubility in aqueous solutions, immunogenicity, or inefficient accumulation in target cancer cells due to multidrug resistance (MDR) mechanisms. Our objective was to assess the feasibility of an exosome-based drug delivery platform for a potent chemotherapeutic agent, paclitaxel (PTX), to treat MDR cancers expressing the sigma receptor. Herein, we developed and compared different methods of loading exosomes released by macrophages with PTX (exoPTX), vectorized to target the sigma receptor (exoPTX-AA), and characterized their size, stability, drug release, and in vitro antitumor efficacy. A reformation of exosomes upon sonication resulted in high loading efficiency, and sustained drug release. Importantly, incorporation of PTX into exosomes increased cytotoxicity more than 50 times in drug resistant MDCKMDR1 (Pgp+) cells. Furthermore, exoPTX and exoPTX-AA demonstrated significantly greater cytotoxicity against all cell lines tested, as compared to Taxol and PTX. The biodistribution of exoPTX and exoPTX-AA and the antitumor effects of exoPTX were further evaluated in a model of murine Lewis Lung Carcinoma pulmonary metastases. Our studies demonstrated nearly complete co-localization of airway-delivered exosomes and intravenously delivered vectorized exosomes with cancer cells, and a potent anticancer effect of exoPTX in this mouse model. We conclude that exoPTX-AA holds significant potential for the delivery of various chemotherapeutics to treat drug resistant cancers.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Batrakova, Elena
  • Kabanov, Alexander
  • O'Connor-Semmes, Robin
  • Huang, Leaf
  • Pecot, Chad
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016
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