Hyperactivity, Impulsivity, Inattention (HIA) and Conduct Problems among African American Youth: The Roles of Neighborhood and Gender Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Zalot, Alecia
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
Abstract
  • The purpose of the current study was to replicate and extend prior research by examining neighborhood context as a moderator of the relation between hyperactivity, impulsivity, and attention (HIA) difficulties and conduct problems among African American youth (11-16 years old) from single mother homes (N = 193). Using audio computer-assisted interview software, mother-child dyads provided ratings of HIA difficulties, neighborhood context, and aggression and other conduct problems. In addition, physical addresses were collected for participating families so that census data could be used as an objective report of neighborhood socioeconomic status. Hypotheses were partially supported, indicating that both subjective and objective indices of community moderated the relation between HIA and conduct problems, but findings were not consistent across reporters. Gender differences emerged, indicating that maternal perceptions of neighborhood quality were a particularly important consideration for girls. In an effort to understand the pattern of findings, exploratory analyses examined the interplay between the subjective and objective neighborhood measures, as well as the association between the proposed analytical model and parental monitoring. Findings and implications are discussed.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Jones, Deborah
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2008
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