The Furies of Nationalism: Dmytro Dontsov, the Ukrainian Idea, and Europe’s Twentieth Century Public Deposited

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  • March 19, 2019
Creator
  • Erlacher, Trevor
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of History
Abstract
  • Using the biography of diplomat, publicist, editor, ideologue, and literary critic Dmytro Dontsov (1883-1973) as a framework, this dissertation places Ukrainian integral nationalism—an authoritarian rightwing doctrine that subordinates individual, class, and humanitarian interests to those of the nation—into its broader regional, cultural, and intellectual historical contexts, from its roots in late imperial Russia to the early Cold War in Canada. As the “spiritual father” of this ideology, Dontsov’s formative experiences in the Russian-Ukrainian and Polish-Ukrainian borderlands, his cosmopolitan interests and aspirations, and his transnational life path were paradoxical yet necessary factors in the development of his worldview and its resonance in Ukrainian politics and literature. He progressed from heterodox Marxism, to avant-garde fascism, to theocratic traditionalism, cultivating a literary circle to forge new national myths, radicalizing a generation of Ukrainian youth, and influencing Ukrainian thought and culture to this day. Despite the ruptures in his politics and the contradictory sources of his ideology, a continuum of what I term “iconoclastic authoritarianism” and “cosmopolitan ultranationalism” links Dontsov, the young socialist, to Dontsov, the elderly mystic.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Browning, Christopher R.
  • McReynolds, Louise
  • Raleigh, Donald
  • Bryant, Chad
  • von Hagen, Mark
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2017
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