INTEGRATED OR OUT: A COMPARISON OF DENMARK AND THE UNITED KINGDOM AS THE EU’S TWO MAJOR OPT-OUT STATES Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Schmidt, Lorena
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Political Science
Abstract
  • Since joining the European Community in 1973, Denmark and the United Kingdom have proven to be Europe’s two greatest champions of the opt-out. Notably deciding not to participate in many aspects of the EU acquis, Denmark and the UK stand together as uniquely in and out of the European Union. By comparing the two countries using the theory of historical institutionalism, this thesis shows why Denmark and the UK pursued their respective opt-outs and what effects these opt-outs have had on each country’s integration into the EU. Ultimately, this thesis will show that the path of allowing member states to opt-out could prove to be dangerous for the European Union for two reasons: it is difficult to reverse opt-outs once they have been negotiated and opt-outs often lead countries to demand more independence, and therefore less integration.
Date of publication
Keyword
DOI
Resource type
Advisor
  • Moroff, Holger
  • Searing, Donald
  • Stephens, John
Degree
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Graduation year
  • 2018
Language
Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items