Investigating Molecule-Semiconductor Interfaces with Nonlinear Spectroscopies Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Giokas, Paul
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Chemistry
Abstract
  • Knowledge of electronic structures and transport mechanisms at molecule-semiconductor interfaces is motivated by their ubiquity in photoelectrochemical cells. In this dissertation, optical spectroscopies are used uncover the influence of electronic coupling, coherent vibrational motion, and molecular geometry, and other factors on dynamics initiated by light absorption at such interfaces. These are explored for a family of ruthenium bipyridyl chromophores bound to titanium dioxide. Transient absorption measurements show molecular singlet state electron injection in 100 fs or less. Resonance Raman intensity analysis suggests the electronic excitations possess very little charge transfer character. The connections drawn in this work between molecular structure and photophysical behavior contribute to the general understanding of photoelectrochemical cells. Knowledge of binding geometry in nanocrystalline films is challenged by heterogeneity of semiconductor surfaces. Polarized resonance Raman spectroscopy is used to characterize the ruthenium chromophore family on single crystal titanium dioxide . Chromophores display a broad distribution of molecular geometries at the interface, with increased variation in binding angle due to the presence of a methylene bridge, as well as additional phosphonate anchors. This result implies multiple binding configurations for chromophores which incorporate multiple phosphonate ligands, and indicates the need for careful consideration when developing surface-assembled chromophore-catalyst cells. Electron transfer transitions occurring on the 100 fs time scale challenge conventional second-order approximations made when modeling these reactions. A fourth-order perturbative model which includes the relationship between coincident electron transfer and nuclear relaxation processes is presented. Insights provided by the model are illustrated for a two-level donor molecule. The presented fourth-order rate formula constitutes a rigorous and intuitive framework for understanding sub-picosecond photoinduced electron transfer dynamics. Charge transfer systems fit by this model include catechol-sensitized titanium dioxide nanoparticles and a closely-related molecular complex. These systems exhibit vibrational coherence coincident with back-electron transfer in the first picosecond after excitation, which suggests that intramolecular nuclear motion strongly influences the electronic transfer process and plays an important role in the dynamics of interfacial systems following light absorption.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • You, Wei
  • Kanai, Yosuke
  • Brennaman, Matthew
  • Atkin, Joanna
  • Moran, Andrew
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016
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