Temporal synchrony and the capture of attention in young children with autism Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Patten, Elena
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Allied Health Sciences, Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences
Abstract
  • In order to successfully intervene on language impairments present in autism, attention must be captured and sustained, yet little is known about features that successfully capture attention. In typically developing children, temporally synchronous presentations of information across two sensory modalities result in increased attention. This study investigated visual looking behavior of twenty-three preschool children with autism given presentations of synchronous and asynchronous linguistic stimuli paired with movement of related toys. Significant to this experiment is that the speaker's face was not present but the objects used in play were. The results indicated that children with autism attended significantly more to the synchronous presentation when off-screen looking was covaried. Also, the amount of time attending to synchrony was correlated with receptive language. Findings may suggest multisensory processing in a linguistic context may be enhanced by temporal synchrony and early multisensory impairment may be related to attention to synchrony and language development.
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  • In Copyright
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  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctorate in philosophy in the Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences in the Department of Allied Health Sciences of the School of Medicine."
Advisor
  • Watson, Linda R.
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
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  • Open access
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