Triggered folding of a mycobacterium tuberculosis adhesin, heparin binding hemagglutinin adhesin (HBHA) Public Deposited

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  • March 22, 2019
  • Lomino, Joseph V.
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics
  • The heparin-binding hemagglutinin (HBHA) is a surface adhesin on human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Previously, it has been shown that HBHA exists as a dimer in solution. We investigated the detailed nature of this dimer using circular dichroism spectroscopy and analytical ultracentrifugation techniques. We demonstrate that the heparan sulfate (HS) binding region does not play a role in dimerization in solution, while the linker region between the predicted N-terminal coiled-coil and the C-terminal HS binding region does impact dimer stability. The majority of contacts responsible for dimerization, folding, and stability lie within the predicted coiled-coil region of HBHA, while the N-terminal helix preceding the coiled-coil appears to trigger the folding and dimerization of HBHA. Constructs lacking this initial helix or containing site-specific mutations produce non-helical monomers in solution. Thus, we show that HBHA dimerization and folding are linked, and that the N-terminal region of this cell surface adhesin triggers the formation of an HBHA coiled-coil dimer.
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  • In Copyright
  • " ... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics."
  • Redinbo, Matthew R.
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
  • Open access

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