Spain's demographic crisis and its implications for the Spanish welfare state Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Goldberg, Janna Zasloff
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Political Science
Abstract
  • Spain is currently undergoing a demographic crisis with less than replacement fertility rates and an aging population. This crisis can be traced back to the organization and formation of the welfare state and will hold serious challenges for the future of the Spanish welfare state. The low fertility rate has many roots within the welfare state, especially the preference for familial care within the home, the precariousness of the job market for part time workers, and the cost of housing. Gender issues also affect the fertility rate in Spain as women are choosing to work and have a career rather than have children. The aging of the population and staggeringly high immigration rates also contribute to Spain's demographic crisis. The welfare state will feel the challenges of the demographic crisis in the near future unless it amends its family and work policies to accommodate couples who wish to start families.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Stephens, John
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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  • Open access
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