Negotiated or stolen?: methods of transition and patterns of opposition-regime interaction in communist Eastern Europe Public Deposited

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  • March 21, 2019
  • Dusek, Katrina Nowak
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Center for Slavic, Eurasian, and East European Studies, Russian, Eurasian and East European Concentration
  • During the 1989-1990 transitions from communism in Eastern Europe, what propelled some communist regimes to negotiate with opposition groups, and what allowed others to dictate the terms of regime change? I argue that the variation in pretransition interaction between opposition and regime affected the timing and method of transition from communist rule. Specifically, I develop a model for pre-transition interaction which I call the mobilization-liberalization cycle. Five case studies demonstrate that in countries with mild regime atmospheres, patterns of interaction developed that resulted in mature oppositions. These countries experienced negotiated transitions with democratic trajectories. Conversely, this thesis shows that in countries with severe regime atmospheres, such patterns did not develop and consequently no mature opposition existed. In these cases, the regimes were able to dictate the terms of transition, and the path to democratic consolidation was compromised.
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  • Vachudová, Milada Anna
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  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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