Adolescent Exposure to Community Violence and Later Life C-Reactive Protein: Testing the Moderating Effect of Race Across Levels of Neighborhood Poverty Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Reason, Max
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Sociology
Abstract
  • Exposure to community violence is an adolescent stressor experienced by a majority of Americans, however the impact this early-life stressor has on adulthood measures of C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is unknown. Additionally, the moderating effect of African American racial status and high-poverty neighborhood residency remains to be explored, as well as the intersecting interaction of both of these disadvantaged statuses, often mutually experienced in the United States. Using a nationally representative longitudinal dataset, results show that as adolescent neighborhood poverty increases, the effect of adolescent exposure to community violence on adulthood CRP increases, but only for non-Hispanic Whites. For African Americans, increasing levels of adolescent neighborhood poverty has a negative moderating effect on the relationship between this early life stressor and CRP. Though the latter finding is contrary to the hypothesized moderating effect, this may provide evidence for the Adaptive Calibration Model of stress exposure (Del Giudice et al. 2011).
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Harris, Kathleen Mullan
  • Richardson, Liana
  • Perez, Anthony
Degree
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2017
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