Logarithmic perspective shadow maps Public Deposited

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  • March 21, 2019
  • Lloyd, D. Brandon
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Computer Science
  • The shadow map algorithm is a popular approach for generating shadows for real-time applications. Shadow maps are flexible and easy to implement, but they are prone to aliasing artifacts. To reduce aliasing artifacts we introduce logarithmic perspective shadow maps (LogPSMs). LogPSMs are based on a novel shadow map parameterization that consists of a perspective projection and a logarithmic transformation. They can be used for both point and directional light sources to produce hard shadows. To establish the benefits of LogPSMs, we perform an in-depth analysis of shadow map aliasing error and the error characteristics of existing algorithms. Using this analysis we compute a parameterization that produces near-optimal perspective aliasing error. This parameterization has high arithmetical complexity which makes it less practical than existing methods. We show, however, that over all light positions, the simpler LogPSM parameterization produces the same maximum error as the near-optimal parameterization. We also show that compared with competing algorithms, LogPSMs produce significantly less aliasing error. Equivalently, for the same error as competing algorithms, LogPSMs require significantly less storage and bandwidth. We demonstrate difference in shadow quality achieved with LogPSMs on several models of varying complexity. LogPSMs are rendered using logarithmic rasterization. We show how current GPU architectures can be modified incrementally to perform logarithmic rasterization at current GPU fill rates. Specifically, we modify the rasterizer to support rendering to a nonuniform grid with the same watertight rasterization properties as current rasterizers. We also describe a novel depth compression scheme to handle the nonlinear primitives produced by logarithmic rasterization. Our proposed architecture enhancements align with current trends of decreasing cost for on-chip computation relative to off-chip bandwidth and storage. For only a modest increase in computation, logarithmic rasterization can greatly reduce shadow map bandwidth and storage costs.
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  • In Copyright
  • Manocha, Dinesh
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Open access

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