Teaching guomin: meanings of citizenship and (un)popular education in late Qing China Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
  • Smith, Zachary Philip
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of History
  • Following the Qing government's decision to abolish the civil-service examination system in 1905, education reformers writing for Jiaoyu zazhi [The Chinese Educational Review] set about establishing a new system of public education under the banner of educating citizens, or guomin. This essay looks critically at various reform proposals expressed in Jiaoyu zazhi during its first year of publication (1909) in an effort to better characterize the possibilities and tensions inherent in late Qing notions of guomin. While almost all of the contributors professed the need to popularize education for guomin, this shared vocabulary obscures key differences among the visions of citizenship each reformer espoused, as well as among potential students targeted by reform. These differences indicate that while notions of citizenship would become more uniform throughout the Republican period, the final years of the Qing dynasty were a time in which multiple meanings of citizenship were still possible.
Date of publication
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Arts in the Department of History."
  • Tsin, Michael
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
  • Open access

This work has no parents.