Discrepancies in Perceived Friendship Intimacy as a Predictor of Adolescent Alcohol Use Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
  • Stein, Gabriela Livas
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
  • Adolescent friendships have traditionally been defined as involving a reciprocal intimate bond, but little research has examined the implications of the lack of affection reciprocity for adolescent positive adjustment. Further, past research suggests that self-and peer- reported intimacy are only modestly correlated, indicating meaningful variability in affection reciprocity within adolescent friendships. Friendships that lack affection reciprocity may be conflict-ridden and imbalanced, leading to adolescent maladaptive outcomes including alcohol use and negative affect. The current study examined the effects of affectionately discrepant friendships in a sample of 94 adolescents. Results indicate that affective discrepancies friendships are psychologically meaningful and within adolescent friendships can be differentiated from (non-discrepant) high intimacy friendships. The lack of affection reciprocity places adolescent at risk for imbalanced friendships and negative affect, although these effects differ for by gender. Moreover, post-hoc analyses suggest that these friendships may be at greater risk for dissolution over time. Lastly, the results of the current study indicate that friendship quality may be captured more fully as a dyadic construct by taking into account both reporters of the friendship. Implications and future directions are discussed.
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  • Hussong, Andrea
  • Open access

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