THERMODYNAMICS OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL MANY-FLAVOR FERMIONS AT FINITE TEMPERATURE: DENSITY, PRESSURE, COMPRESSIBILITY, AND CONTACT Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Hoffman, Michael
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy
Abstract
  • Motivated by advances in the manipulation and detection of ultracold atoms with multiple internal degrees of freedom, we present a finite-temperature lattice Monte Carlo calculation of the density and pressure equations of state, as well as Tan's contact, of attractively interacting SU(2)-, SU(4)-, and SU(6)-symmetric fermion systems in one spatial dimension. We also furnish a nonperturbative proof of a universal relation whereby quantities computable in the SU(2) case completely determine the virial coefficients of the SU($N_f$) case. These one-dimensional systems are appealing because they can be experimentally realized in highly constrained traps and because of the dominant role played by correlations. These correlations are typically nonperturbative and are crucial for understanding ground states and quantum phase transitions. While quantum fluctuations are typically overpowered by thermal ones in one and two dimensions at any finite temperature, we find that quantum effects do leave their imprint in thermodynamic quantities. Our calculations show that the additional degrees of freedom, relative to the SU(2) case, provide a dramatic enhancement of the density and pressure The results presented here are a prediction for future experiments in one dimension with atoms of high nuclear spin.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Henning, Reyco
  • Kleinhammes, Alfred
  • Drut, Joaquin
  • Washburn, Sean
  • Heitsch, Fabian
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2017
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