An NMR Study of Supercooled Water under Nanoconfinement by Hydrophobic Surfaces Public Deposited

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  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Ling, Yanchun
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Applied Physical Sciences, Materials Science Graduate Program
Abstract
  • The main focus of this dissertation is studying the properties of bulk water, confined water, and interfacial water. The thermodynamics, dynamics and state of water are investigated by DSC and 1H NMR methods. Hydrophobic slit-shaped pores with tunable pore size from 0.5 nm to 1.6 nm are applied as confinement media in our experiments. By confining water in nanopores, we are able to cool the water lower than its homogeneous nucleation temperature 235 K at ambient pressure and access the “no man’s land”. Both experimental and simulation results show water has heterogeneity property, with two “phases”, one is high-density liquid (HDL) “phase” which has dense-packing structure, the other is low-density liquid (LDL) “phase” which has more tetrahedral structure. At room temperature, HDL and LDL two “phases” can coexist in millisecond time scale and 10 nanometer length scale. The room temperature water structure is dominated by HDL structure. By decreasing the temperature, HDL could convert to LDL gradually. At 200 K, LDL dominates the liquid state of water. It is of importance to emphasis, for water confined in nanopores there is no crystallization above 200 K. A dynamic crossover at 225 K in the liquid state is observed in our hydrophobic system, similar to that observed in hydrophilic system. This proves such dynamic crossover is not induced by crystallization or surface effect, but originally from the intrinsic properties of water. At 190 K, we find a second change of rotational correlation time, which resembles the glassification process of supercooled confined water, suggesting a higher rotational glass transition temperature for bulk water. In the lower temperature range 145 K<T<165 K, the interfacial water induced glass transition is observed. At sufficient low temperature, confinement plays an important role for the induced glass transition. We also study the properties of interfacial water by confining water in smaller hydrophobic pores. It shows the interfacial water remains liquid state at 140 K. There is an Arrhenius to Arrhenius dynamic crossover at 170 K due to the rotational motion slowing down. Comparing to bulk water, interfacial water has fast rotation but effectively immobile. Our studies thus provide a complete picture for the rather controversial supercooled region and also differentiate the properties of bulk water, confined water and interfacial water using different techniques.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Heckman, Jonathan
  • Berkowitz, Max
  • Lopez, Rene
  • Wu, Yue
  • Washburn, Sean
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2017
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