Autocracy vs. Democracy: Political Regimes and Punctuated Equilibrium in Brazil Public Deposited

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  • March 19, 2019
Creator
  • Rey, Beatriz
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Political Science
Abstract
  • I test the punctuated equilibrium theory (PET) developed by Jones and Baumgartner (2005) in the context of authoritarianism and democracy in Latin America. By analyzing public budgeting in Brazil, I find evidence that supports the PET. In both political regimes, there is a combination of policy stability and policy punctuations, implying that the distinction between authoritarianism and democracy is not fundamental for understanding budget allocation in Latin America. I find that the level of proportionality in governmental response in authoritarian regimes is greater than in democracies and that proportionality is substantially lower in democracies when centrist ideology and severe economic constraints lead policymakers to develop a narrower set of goals. Once severe economic constraints decrease and a left-wing political party assumes power, the level of proportionality increases. Nevertheless, I find that the level of proportionality can be at best medium because of policymakers' limited attention to all issues.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Huber, Evelyne
  • Baumgartner, Frank
  • Roberston, Graeme
Degree
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2014
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  • Chapel Hill, NC
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