Relationship Between Freestyle Biomechanical Errors and Shoulder Pain in Elite Competitive Swimmers Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
  • Virag, Bonnie Jean
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Exercise and Sport Science
  • Biomechanical freestyle stroke errors are thought to be risk factors for the development of shoulder pain among swimmers. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between freestyle stroke biomechanical errors and shoulder pain in elite competitive swimmers. Thirty-one swimmers from an elite competitive population completed two Penn Shoulder Score questionnaires (one per shoulder) for evaluation of shoulder pain, satisfaction, and function. Each swimmer was instructed to swim freestyle for two lengths of a 25 yard competitive swimming pool which was filmed from both above water and underwater cameras, providing frontal and lateral views. The biomechanics were analyzed and clipped using Dartfish TeamPro(TM) software. Presence of errors was determined by selected evaluators and this data was used to determine if freestyle biomechanical errors predicted shoulder pain. Neither the total number of biomechanical freestyle errors, nor any of the specific errors were predictive of the PENN shoulder pain score.
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  • In Copyright
  • Myers, Joseph B.
  • Master of Arts
Graduation year
  • 2012

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